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Kidney Transplantation

A kidney transplantation is a procedure where a healthy kidney is placed in a patient who is suffering from failed kidneys and is on dialysis. The kidney usually takes over the function of native kidneys within days to weeks and thus the patient becomes free from dialysis. As compared to dialysis, kidney transplant not only provides better quality of life but also increased survival of the recipient.

Due to the presence of preformed antibodies to opposite blood groups, this type of renal transplant requires preparation of the recipient by giving medications and doing a procedure called plasmapheresis or immunoadsorption. In ABO incompatible transplant, the patient is admitted two weeks prior to date of transplant and started on medicines and above said procedures to prepare his/her body for transplant.

The procedure of kidney transplantation includes four stages. Stage 1 and Stage 2 include basic tests to assess fitness of the patient and donor. These tests usually take a period of 6 to 7 days. If the patient and donor are fit in stage 1 and stage 2, then stage 3 tests are done. Stage 3 tests include crossmatch and HLA (HumanLeukocyte Antigens) match. This stage usually takes a 7-day period. So, it takes 10 to 14 days to complete all the tests needed for kidney transplantation.